Environmental

The Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF), Copenhagen, Denmark has created a prototype portal which provides access to a collation of data (over 85 million records) from a number of countries and organisations under two categories: (i) Taxonomic names. The “Electronic Catalogue of Taxonomic Names” is currently under development, but already includes and makes available data for over 486,000 scientific names and 217,000 common names, with more to be added, and (ii) Specimens and Observations, providing access to over 40 million records of occurrences of different organisms. Wherever possible these records include information about the locality where the organisms were found and are used to generate maps of the distribution of these occurrences.
The PLANTS database is an example of a national directory, providing standardised information concerning the vascular plants, mosses, liverworts, hornworts, and lichens of the USA and its territories (USDA, NRCS, 2005). It includes names, plant symbols, checklists, distributional data, species abstracts, characteristics, images, plant links, references, crop information, and automated tools. It also provides downloadable species checklists for each state.
The European Nature Information System​ (EUNIS) provides access to the publicly available data and includes data on Species, Habitat types and Sites taken into account in relevant international conventions or from International Red Lists.
The ongoing discovery of new Bt toxin genes and the rapid accumulation of information on their insecticidal activities prompted the Canadian Forest Service to construct a Database on Bt Toxin Specificity. The search engine allows information retrieval based either on Bt toxin bioassays or 237 individual cry genes. The search outcome is a list table including the insect species used for the bioassay of the specified toxin, the method used for the bioassay and its result, and the bibliographic reference for each bioassay/toxin gene.
The Fauna database on non-target arthropod species contains a detailed overview of the arthropod fauna in arable crops across Europe. In a systematic literature search, relevant publications were identified concerning arthropods in European fields planted with maize, oilseed rape, potato, sugar/fodder beet, soya bean, cotton, and rice, and in field margins. Species attributes and abundance data have been stored in this SQL-queryable database, and provides ecological information for 3030 species and 14,762 abundance records from 31 European countries.
The Nontarget effects of Bt crops database includes details of the methods and results for a large number of studies that have assessed the effects upon nontarget invertebrates of crops transformed with genes derived from Bacillus thuringiensis to express one or more Cry proteins.
The Global Invasive Species Database (GISD) focuses on invasive alien species that threaten native biodiversity and natural ecosystems and covers all taxonomic groups from micro-organisms to animals and plants in all ecosystems. This is useful should a GMO be developed which is sexually compatible with a known invasive species.
Knowledge of proven routes of commodity and environmental GM contamination is invaluable for the improvement of biosafety risk management and monitoring procedures. The GM Contamination Register is a joint initiative by GeneWatch UK and Greenpeace International to record all incidents of contamination arising from the intentional or accidental release of GMOs. Only publicly documented incidents are recorded in the database, the sources of which include peer-reviewed scientific articles, national newspapers and media, and press releases from governments, industry and non-governmental organisations (NGOs).